Petrykivka painting

We would like to offer our new masterclass for Petrykivka painting for those, who already crafted at the “Ukrainian Village” and for those, who wishes to open their new talent!

The name of the painting originates from the village of Petrykivka, in which it appeared and exists up till now. The furniture, housewares, furnaces, chimneys and even walls of houses were decorated with these ornaments. Moreover, almost everybody could draw amazing designs in this Ukrainian village in Dnipropetrovsk area. They include petals and leaves, which can be combined with skilful hands into surprising flowers, bunches of viburnum, grapes, fabulous birds and even people. Some time ago, Petrykivka had every house decorated with this painting. They said even: "How beautiful it is in this village, like in the church". And it was really so, while Petrykivka painting will be still a good decoration for contemporary interior too.  We would like to invite you to feel the traditions of this painting and use it to decorate your own unique work piece, while making a postcard, painting a wooden or ceramic ware.

You will get familiar with basic elements of this painting during the masterclass: a grain, comb, berries, runner. You will learn combining them into pictural flowers, bunches of viburnum, leaflets. You will make with your own hands a hearty piece of work filled up with love.

A good hand and your cheerful mind will assist you in creating that miracle!

The masterclasses for Petrykivka painting will be delivered in the territory of ethnographic complex both in open format and under individual orders.

You can order a masterclass for Petrykivka painting by calling us 099-500-900-8


You can buy Petrykivka painted works, made by craftspeople, at the souvenir shop in the territory of the museum.

  

History of Petrykivka painting. Leading lights.

Petrykivka painting is a unique phenomenon, a real gem of arts and crafts. Bright flowers, mellow berries, fantastic birds; you cannot but recognize this painting immediately, its virtuosity can be found all over the world, that is why Petrykivka village of Dnipropetrovsk region became known far beyond Ukraine. And now, Petrykivka painting can be also qualified for the status of world cultural heritage of UNESCO. 

 

Petrykivka painting originated from about the 18th century as wall painting. The wall paintings were very widespread during that time almost at any place, where the buildings were puttied with clay and white-washed. They were especially developed in Khmelnytsk, Vinnytsya, Odesa and Dnipropetrovsk regions.

The hostesses ornamented mainly the walls of houses and stoves. Moreover, the house paintings from Dnipropertrovsk region had their own specifics. The ornaments were quite small, with a lump of details. After a while, some craftspeople started painting not only their own houses but neighbouring too, and performing customized work. As the demand for such paintings increased and the number of travelling craftspeople was not sufficient any more, the so-called "malyovka" appeared. This is the same painting as on the wall but drawn on paper, which was then hung on the wall. The size and shape of "malyovka" depended on the place of destination, e.g. "malyovka", which decorated the beams, were made in the form of strips, the front part of the stove was decorated with oval-shaped "malyovka" with a flower in the middle. "Malyovka" were intended to replace a real carpet, or a towel. Such "towel" was drawn on a transparent piece of paper, on which an ornament of frame-decorating towel was depicted in some simplified form.

 

"Malyovka". 1913.

 

 

"Malyovka"-towel. Nadiya Bilokin. 1930-ies

 

An interesting description is given to this phenomenon by O.S. Danchenko:

"Petrykivka was famous chiefly for its bright, riant "kalyovka" (decorations). The women from Petrykivka carried them with big sacks to the market. The most of "malyovka" was sold in spring, before the holidays, when everybody was engaged in white-washing and renovation of their houses. Petrykivka markets represented an extraordinary performance during those times. Big and small flowers, and even whole bouquets were blooming with all rainbow dyes on paper; narrow paper stitches covered with ornamental coatings, which they bonded onto the horizontal flanges of the stove in each Petrykivka house, they were flickering on the wind being like flower chains; dented long painted "lining" was looming, they were used to decorate the so-called small logs - slats of the ceiling, which made the house especially elegant".

"Malyovka" paintings were drawn by entire family. The children were involved into that craft since the early childhood. One of the oldest mistresses from Petrykivka Paraska M. Pavlenko (1881 -1983), a mother of two honoured craftspeople for arts and crafts Vira Pavlenko and Galyna Pavlenko-Chernychenko recollected that while making stitches for the stove during 1920-ies, she herself marked the ornament on a strip of paper, drew green leaves and stems, the elder Vira drew carefully red flowers, the younger Galya "inserted" blue berries of grapes, and three-year old sun Vasylko had also something to do – he put stitches onto the hearthstone for them to dry. [3;37]

 

Paraska Pavlenko. Birds.

 

With time, "malyovka" stopped simulating the wall paintings. They become more independent, gain new properties, derive independent artistic value and are not pegged to the wall painting in shape. "Malyovka" were gradually transformed into easel ornamental painting. The famous master hands of those time include Natalya Vovk, Paraska Vlasenko, Hanna Sobachko, Pavlenko sisters, Nadiya Bilokin, Tetyana Pata.

 

Paraska Vlasenko. Ornamental panel. 1935

 

Nadiya Bilokin. Panel "Birds".

 

Hanna Sobachko. Sketch of the picture for embroidered pillow 1935

 

Tetyana Pata. Cuckoo on viburnum. 1968

 

Marfa Tymchenko. Black bird. 1963

 

 

Vira Pavlenko. A cuckoo amongst the flowers. 1961.

They used self-made egg tempera for drawing, i.e. moisture of plants, vegetables, soot. The whiting was mixed with a yolk to make the paint more permanent. Later on, the master hands gain proficiency in new materials - oil paints, aniline dyes, start using gouache.

The master hands used initially the brushes made of plumelets from the wings of hens as tools. They used them to draw thin strokes, lines and fine details, an reed mace to draw flowers. Such pictures may seem scratchy from the perspective of today’s likes but their beauty consisted in ingenuousness, liveliness of the picture, mastery and skill of the drawer. The master hands started subsequently to use "catty" brushes made of cat hair, which allow making the thinnest lines and achieving virtuosity. 

There were also other kinds of painting in addition to wall painting and "malyovka": they used oil paints to ornament the household articles, furniture - plate-holding stands, trunks, horse arcs, sleigh, ornamented woodenware. For instance, Tetyana Pata ornamented the drums of winnowers, Pavlenko sisters as well as Marfa Tymchenko ornamented small wooden boxes, which were used as powder cases during that time. Such paintings were sometimes nondurable since they were applied directly to wood without any primer.

The paintings with oil paints were resumed on professional grounds after the war, and they were made by the master hands from Petrykivka at Kyiv Studio Pottery, although it was lacquer-finished painting on the black background. A workshop for lacquer-finished painting was opened in Petrykivka itself at Vilna Selyanka Artel (Free Peasant Women Co-Operative) under the guidance of the follower of Tetyana Pata - Fedir Panko in 1958. The artists applied hear to local traditions and started painting against green, or ochre background, like the trunks were previously ornamented in Dnipropertovsk area. In addition to Panko, the team of that shop included Ivan Zavhorodnii, Hanna Prudnykova, Hanna Isayeva-Pylypenko, Oleksandra Pikush, Yevdokiya Klyupa, Zoya Kudish. Later on, Vasyl Babenko, Hanna Danyleyko and Oleksandra Kushnir joined them.  A branch of Dnipropetrovsk Children's School of Painting was opened in Petrykivka the same 1958. Fedir Panko started teaching composition of Petrykivka ornament at that school. It solved the issue in training of young professionals. Therefore, the team of lacquer-finished painting and students of the school of painting became eventually the basis for the team being then developed into Druzhba Petrykivka Painting Factory. They adopted a technology of lacquer-finished painting on sawdust-pressed goods the same year. The range of factory goods was considerably extended after some time and amounted to over 60 items: plates, jewel-boxes, decorative sets for kitchen, vases, pysanky, dovbanky (hollowed out wooden spoons), plaquettes, etc.

 

 

Fedir Panko. Peacocks. 1973

 

References:

B.S. Butnyk-Siversky et al. Ukrainian folk art.

Butnyk-Siversky. Folk Ukrainian pictures.

O.S. Danchenko. Folk master hands.

 

Fedir Panko. Album. Decorative painting. Easel works. Lacquer-finished paintings.